Science and Technology Funding For Clean Energy
The United States and the rest of the world are faced with many challenges that must be overcome in order to continue our global leadership position, said President George W. Bush in his address to the National Governors Association in Washington, DC. In 2021, the United States will lead the way in combating those challenges and is ensuring that the world has the materials necessary to meet its own energy needs, said President Bush. To do so, he stated the United States must “reform our nuclear weapons policy, modernize our nuclear plants, and expand our non-proliferation efforts.” This article will provide an explanation of nuclear science and technology.
The strategic vision is a roadmap for nuclear science and technology to accomplish its mission to improve nuclear energy, environmental protection, and national security. Nuclear energy provides around 20% of the nation’s energy production and is the nation’s biggest clean fuel resource, operating at an efficiency factor of over 98%, according to the plan. It also helps to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, and it is estimated that if nuclear development occurs in countries such as India and Pakistan, the developed world could be subject to the same pressure as the United States has been recently. Therefore, nuclear science and technology are essential if the world is to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and stay within the limits of their carbon budgets.
Environmental concerns also must be addressed and research is currently being done to find better alternatives to nuclear fuels that is safe, secure, and economical, according to the President’s science council. Additionally, the President wants all nations involved in the peaceful nuclear disarmament process to come to an agreement quickly, and for existing nuclear reactors to be replaced with new ones. As a result, there should be an end to all nuclear weapons tests of nuclear generators.
Much technology in the nuclear reactors will inevitably pass into the hands of rogue nations like Iran, North Korea, or Libya, which could cause a global alarm. One example is with Iran, which is currently holding a series of negotiations. The President fears that Iran will use the enriched nuclear fuel that will fuel their nuclear reactors to make atomic bombs. He has called on the UN to increase its sanctions on Iran until they stop this program. Meanwhile, North Korea has conducted several test attacks using long-range missiles that could reach cities on the other side of the globe.
Scientists and technology experts are concerned about the potential danger of nuclear fission. One example is how a runaway chain reaction could occur at a nuclear power plant, causing a meltdown and an accident that could spread into nearby towns and into the ocean. Another issue that is concerning scientists is the environmental effects of nuclear fusion. A major concern is the waste produced by the reactions used in these tests, which also produce large amounts of water and oxygen.
Scientists believe that we must move away from the traditional model of nuclear power and invest in new high-efficiency technologies. One such advanced technology is known as magnet assisted water cycles. It is much more efficient than the normal boiling of water to create steam to drive a turbine. It is also clean and efficient, requiring no fossil fuels for its operation.
Advances in science and technology have also allowed for more efficient manufacturing processes and materials. One example is that the production of nuclear materials is much more efficient today than it was a few years ago. This is because scientists and engineers have been able to miniaturize many of the key parts. For example, scientists have been able to miniaturize the size of the pellets that are used in nuclear weapons so that they can be placed more quickly and easily in a nuclear security arsenal. Also, the materials are more powerful and much more durable than they were in the past.
In addition to the many benefits of investing in science and technology, there are also some strong incentives to make this investment. As fossil fuel resources become scarcer, a transition is necessary from our current system to an alternative, green energy system. A transition such as this will likely be accompanied by a major increase in costs, but it will be worthwhile because of the reduced risk of severe environmental harm. In the United States, nuclear power has the opportunity to be part of this transition, through federal support for research and development of new nuclear energy systems and energy storage technologies. This research and development effort should harness the unique properties of nuclear energy to provide a safe, reliable source of energy while reducing both greenhouse gas emissions and carbon dioxide emissions.