The Impact of Science and Technology on Society
Career Options in Science and Technology Studies The subject of science and technology is a rapidly growing field. There are an estimated quarter million jobs in science and technology research, development and deployment, and manufacturing. As technology advances so does the need for qualified professionals to handle the changes and advancements occurring. The information and knowledge of science and technology have opened up new possibilities in virtually every area of human endeavor.
Technology and science curriculum in colleges and universities have made incredible strides in developing knowledge and educating students about the science and technology aspects of modern life. Career options in science and technology studies are widely varied and include everything from computer science and engineering, cellular biology, physical sciences, and information science and technology studies. Some options are closer to actual science and technology, while others are more indirectly related to it. Some examples of indirectly related courses are health care management, which involves courses such as statistics, actuarial science and statistical analysis to name a few.
Science and technology studies offers a wide range of career possibilities and ranks second only to medicine as a leading career field. It is predicted that in the next decade the science and technology sector will be the largest growing sector of the global economy, employing more than one hundred million people worldwide. In the United States there are currently about eight universities with science and technology programs. In some cases science and technology enrollment limited or completely closed due to financial reasons, for example, the U.S. Department of Defense, which sponsors science and technology research and development programs, is extremely limited in its current budget. Many students have been put on hold because of this.
University courses in science and technology are typically open to all students regardless of their socioeconomic status. The economic recession has had a dramatic effect on funding for higher education, but these programs are continuing to grow and create jobs. It is not uncommon for underrepresented minority students to earn a bachelor’s degree in a related field, such as engineering, so that they have a greater chance of finding gainful employment in this specialized field. It is also common for women and underrepresented minority students to enroll in specific disciplines of science and technology, such as computer science, which often requires more advanced scientific study and training than other science and technology courses. Other fields that are seeing increasing participation by students from underrepresented groups are medical and nursing science, which provide opportunities for cultural and gender diversity. Courses in other technology-related fields, such as information technology, are also increasing participation by these students.
As indicated above, courses in science and technology are extremely diverse. For example, although construction science and engineering are considered to be foundational science and technology courses, they include a wide range of philosophical issues as well, such as sustainability, which is an extremely important philosophy in today’s society. The use of renewable energy is another important theme that permeates much of this science and technology. As more individuals become aware of the need to reduce their carbon footprint and pursue courses in science and technology that deal with reducing the impact of their individual lifestyle on the environment, there is likely to be a continued growth in these areas.
Science and technology have had a significant impact on society for centuries. This has given us a number of fundamental theories about how society works, including social theory, the evolutionary psychology of the group, and sociogenesis, which postulates that our current society is a product of our genealogy. The technological traits that have been developed over time are now starting to shape the character of our future generations. One might argue that in order for science and technology to continue to have a meaningful effect on society, individuals must be committed to the process of building and maintaining the foundations of our modern scientific and technological society.
Over time, there are a number of problems that arise from an obsession with science and technology. For example, some people argue that science and technology have grown so rapidly that it has threatened the values and beliefs that we have established as true. In fact, many people feel that science and technology are dictating social reality and dictate that which is right or wrong. Worse still, some argue that science and technology have managed to change the very nature of reality on earth, creating voids where once there were solutions. It has even been proposed that science and technology have led to the rejection of spiritual beliefs, such as those found in traditional religions. Concerns have been raised over the consequences of increased knowledge about the world, and about the possibility of life on other planets and moons.
Concerns regarding science and technology are not new. In fact, concern has existed since the advent of modernity in Western society and has only increased since then. However, concerns about the impact of science and technology on society have grown since the release of James Wright’s science and technology: An Assessment. Mr. Wright was a professor of applied mathematics at Harvard University and worked on the space program. His book describes the impact of science and technology on society, and thus, the future.